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1.28 - Public housing: (in)extensive renovation?

Project Description

In the 1950s a ten-year municipal plan (and its subsequent five-year extension) set off the construction of many public housing complexes in Porto (near half of nowadays public dwellings in Porto) to solve the need for housing. Despite its careful design, these housing settlements do not present nowadays satisfactory quality level, failing to comply with some of the present regulations and living standard expectations. In the last few years, some of these municipal residential units have been renovated. The renovation strategy is mainly targeted to the technical improvement of housing envelopes, sometimes improving outdoor space, sometimes including accommodation maintenance and rarely addressing interior spatial transformations.

Localization, number of buildings/dwellings/occupants, level of degradation, potential of transformation and cost increase, may justify or dismiss a ‘deeper’ [intensive and/or extensive] renovation. Social costs, planning management, and temporary re-accommodation of part of the residents are also to be observed.

The ongoing PhD research recalls the urban regeneration that might result if ‘deeper’ housing refurbishment is contemplated on a municipal strategy without necessarily a much higher investment. If typological transformation is considered besides technical improvement of buildings envelope and exterior residential spaces recover, how much is the cost increase? Which other benefits in plus (social and urban) may come up, beyond those that can be initially quantified and qualified?

Research Team

Joana Restivo

Fernando Brandão Alves (supervisor)

Paulo Mendonça (co-supervisor) – University of Minho, School of Architecture

Financial Support

FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (SFRH/BD/37911/2007)

Stage of Progress

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